Electrical hospital beds are designed for patients who need of some form of health care. These beds main aim is both for the comfort and well-being of the patient and for the convenience of health care workers. They have adjustable height for the bed, the headrest, and the backrest, adjustable side rails and electronic buttons to operate both the bed and other nearby electronic devices.
These beds are using from hospital, health care facilities and settings, such as nursing homes, assisted living facilities, outpatient clinics, and in home health care.
PARTS OF ELECTRONIC BEDS
Wheels are so importan for beds. Because wheels can enable easy movement of the bed, either within parts of the facility in which they are located, or within the room. The critical patients sometimes need for the movement of the bed a few inches to a few feet.
Wheels can be lockable, because of for safety. Wheels can be locked when transferring the patient in or out of the bed.
Wheel have different sizes as; 100mm, 125mm, 150mm or 200mm. These options depend of the using platforms for the beds.
Electronic beds head, feet, and their entire height can move by electronic button. While on older beds this is done with cranks usually found at the foot of the bed, on modern beds this feature is electronic.
Raising the head (known as a Fowler’s position) can provide some benefits to the patient, the staff, or both. The Fowler’s position is used for sitting the patient upright for feeding or certain other activities, or in some patients, can ease breathing, or may be beneficial to the patient for other reasons.
Raising the feet can help ease movement of the patient toward the headboard and may also be necessary for certain conditions.
Raising and lowering the height of the bed can help bring the bed to a comfortable level for the patient to get in and out of bed, or for caregivers to work with the patient.
Beds must have side rails that can be raised or lowered. It is most important part for patient healthcare. These rails, which serve as protection for the patient and sometimes can make the patient feel more secure, can also include the buttons used for their operation by staff and patients to move the bed, call the nurse, or even control the television.
There are many types of side rails to serve different purposes. While some are simply to prevent patient falls, others have equipment that can aid the patient themself without physically confining the patient to bed.
Some advanced beds are equipped with columns which help tilt the bed to 15-30 degrees on each side. Such tilting can help prevent pressure ulcers for the patient, and help caregivers to do their daily tasks with less of a risk of back injuries.
Bed Exit Alarm
Electrical beds can be have a bed exit alarm whereby a pressure pad on or in the mattress arms an audible alert when a weight such as a patient is placed on it, and activating the full alarm once this weight is removed. This is helpful to hospital staff or caregivers monitoring any number of patients from a distance (such as a nurse’s station) as the alarm will trigger in the event of a patient (especially the elderly or memory impaired) falling out of the bed or wandering off unsupervised. This alarm can be emitted solely from the bed itself or connected to the nurse call bell/light or hospital phone/paging system. Also some beds can feature a multi-zone bed exit alarm which can alert the staff when the patient start moving in the bed and before the actual exit which is necessary for some cases.
In the event of the bed occupant suddenly requiring cardiopulmonary resuscitation, some hospital beds offer a CPR function in the form of a button or lever which when activated flattens the bed platform and put it in lowest height and deflates and flattens the bed’s air mattress (if installed) creating a flat hard surface necessary for effective CPR administration.
- Manual CPR: Manual CPR can make from nurse or doctor by hand when patient need suddenly bed adjustment.
- Electrical CPR: Electrica CPR can make from nurse or doctor by button and electrical when patient need suddenly bed adjustment. It is more than safety from Electrical CPR.
KIND OF ELECTRICAL BEDS
Bariatric beds alwasy uses for patient who have weight around 300 kg and 450 kg. Normally electrical bed have 250 kg maximum weight capacity. But these beds can be raised until 450 kg capacity.
Pediatric beds use for children in hospital. These beds can be have huge side rails because of prevent children who are newborn. If the side rails are short, when baby any move can be fall and get seriously damage.
Gynecology beds are using for gynecologistic hospitals. It helps women to give birth more easily.